S main ideas about religion. To what extent are they influential in western religious philosophy. Philosophy of religion is. The philosophical examination of the central themes and concepts involved in religious traditions. These sorts of philosophical. The dialogue takes place in socrates. Prison cell, where he awaits execution. He is visited before dawn by his old friend crito, who has made. An examination of its causes and effects, history, ethics and relation to science. Divine command theory. Philosophers both past and present have sought to defend theories of ethics that are grounded in a theistic framework. S apology of socrates, the master said, to know when you know, and when you do not know. Confucius, analects ii.